Just How Complex is an Airline Reservation System in This Day and Age

airline
When you look at something on the surface, it can often seem so simple and the same goes for an airline reservation system. If you need to reserve a flight on an airline, you simply give them a call and its as easy as that. Some person on the other end of the line handles your call, takes down your information and makes an “X” on a seat of of a big picture of a jet on the wall behind them with a felt pen and it is as easy as that, or is it?

They are Far More Complex

Can it really be that easy? Of course not! Perhaps when airlines first started offering commercial service to the public decades ago they might have had a system similar to that but things have changed since then. For one thing airlines are much bigger and now offer far more flights to far more locations. Also, airlines are now in constant competition with each other to offer their customers more service options.

New Services for Airlines to Use

Airline reservation systems are all handled on computers now. This has led to the development of services that produce and market computer software, specifically for airline reservation systems. Still one more business that has sprung up due to the growth in complexity of airline reservation systems, is “outsourcing” businesses that handle this aspect of an airlines business all or in part.

Airline Reservation Systems of the Future

If just one area of an airlines business doesn’t function correctly, the whole business will feel it. This means that an airline reservation system must function flawlessly at all times. As airlines look to the future they can only expect their airline reservations systems will only become more complex and this is why airlines are always looking into new technology to help them foresee their difficulties before they arise.

New Services for Airlines to Use

Airline reservation systems are all handled on computers now. This has led to the development of services that produce and market computer software, specifically for airline reservation systems. Still one more business that has sprung up due to the growth in complexity of airline reservation systems, is “outsourcing” businesses that handle this aspect of an airlines business all or in part.

Airline Reservation Systems of the Future

If just one area of an airlines business doesn’t function correctly, the whole business will feel it. This means that an airline reservation system must function flawlessly at all times. As airlines look to the future they can only expect their airline reservations systems will only become more complex and this is why airlines are always looking into new technology to help them foresee their difficulties before they arise.

How To Get Cheap Air Tickets

air tickets
With planning, foresight and a little bit of hard work, you can go ahead and have that dream vacation the economical way. Here’s how:

*Search the internet, call airline agencies and watch the news to keep yourself up to date on discounts. There are a lot of promotional fares offered by airline companies that are new in the industry.

*When you do travel a lot, sign up for frequent flier miles.

*Ask about student fares or senior citizen discounts.

*Keep a flexible travel schedule. Go with the flow. If the promo states that they only give discounts every Tuesdays, then set your departure on Tuesday. Generally, Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Saturdays are the days that have fewer reservations, so it in on these days that tickets are sold cheap. Monday is usually the busiest day of the week.

* Do not go ahead and make reservations to the first airline company you see with promotions. Take the time to source out a variety of options. Take the time to find out if the promotion is indeed the cheapest in your area. Ask the clerk about other offers available. When checking through the internet, make sure you check at least five sites before you decide where to buy your tickets.

*You can have the option of purchasing tickets trough consolidators. These are people who buy a whole block of tickets and resell them at certain discounts. This helps the airline fill up still available seats. The travel section of the newspaper is the place to check for ticket consolidators.

*Try flying on off peak hours schedule. Usually if you take the before seven in the morning flight or the after seven in the evening flight, tickets are at their cheapest. This too, will be a wise decision since it is at these times that airlines are not overcrowded, thus getting more space for yourself and your luggage.

*Be sure to inquire if the airline offers travel packages. Some airlines do offer packages such as car rental discount or a hotel room discount that comes with the travel ticket.

* When you are flying off season, be very sure to ask about certain standby fares.

*Have an early booking. Promotions are usually offered when one reserves a ticket three weeks beforehand. Remember that due to over crowding during the holidays, you may not use your frequent flier miles. So book in advance if you plan to travel during the holidays.

*Staying with only one airline on your entire trip may too, give you discounts. Airlines offer special rates to round trip tickets or connecting flights.

Have a safe trip and enjoy!

Cross Country Ski Introduction

skiing
Cross-country skiing is a fun way to take in the beautiful back-country trails in winter with your family.

What It Is and Where You Can Do It

I relish winter snow blanketing the landscape. Luckily, I’ve found a sport that allows me to get exercise and travel on skis without skiing downhill at a resort with lift lines. There exist downhill ski resorts that have a separate area of trails for Nordic skiers. The term “Nordic” covers not only cross-country, but telemark and ski jumping.

These are trails that are usually groomed creating a flat, grooved surface. The pattern will usually appear like giant corduroy fabric. The advantage of a groomed trail is that you will glide completely on top of the snowpack while the groove directs you. If you go on an ungroomed trail you will still be able to ski it. At times you may sink in it some, but you can move forward through it. You don’t tend to sink much into snow because your weight is distributed over your skis.

This activity is family-friendly. Infants and toddlers can ride in a backpack or sled. Grandparents can go as it is almost like a gentle walk. Teenagers can go fast with the skate ski technique. Even your family dog can run along as some Nordic Centers welcome them.

With over 350 cross-country ski areas in North America there may well be one near you. This sport uses natural movements and has a rather short learning curve. The biggest challenge for a beginner is to maintain your balance while shuffling along–think standing with ice skates.

The skis are quite thin and long; but with time you will learn to balance. It is an aerobic sport as you will experience after you’ve covered some distance. Stay on marked trails and obey posted signs, as in some areas avalanches are a risk. There are two different movement techniques.

Classic refers to the diagonal stride where you push each foot forward in long, graceful strides. Your arms with poles also help you push you along. Skating is the other technique done on a consistent packed surface where you make an open V pattern instead of straight ahead. You push one ski to the side and glide while using powerful pole strokes to assist. It makes the quickest way to slide for you racer types!

The equipment needed is lightweight and all of it can be carried over your shoulders. The boots are only ankle high and are held onto the ski by a binding which secures the toe but allows the heel to lift freely up off the ski.

The shoes detach from the skis allowing you to walk around comfortably. Poles similar to downhill ski poles propel you along when skiing. Skis fall into 2 categories. Waxless have bases with ridges cut into them for grip. Waxable skis are the traditional kind that need you to apply special waxes to fine-tune your ski to match snow conditions. We don’t want you sliding around aimlessly out there now!

Basic Moves

Okay, moving right along, we’ve come to some basic instruction on technique.

Kick and Glide creates the basic rhythym of classic skiing. Keep your knees and ankles flexed and your upper body forward. Push a foot forward and pressure the center of the ski so it gets firm contact with the snow. Now bring that heel down. Next, stride forward with your other foot.

Snowplow is used when you want to slow down or stop. Form a closed V shape by bringing your front ski tips together. At the same time shift your weight toward the insides of your skis. Bend your knees some.

Herringbone is used to walk on uphill portions where you cannot get enough momentum to push yourself up with your poles. Walk straight up with your front ski tips facing out. Steering gives you control over going to the left or right. Pressing more on your right ski causes you to go left. Pressing more on your left ski causes you to go right.

Half Wedge provides a little slowing power on the downhill. While in the groomed track angle out only one ski and shift your weight on that ski toward its outside edge. Leave the other ski in its track still pointing straight. Remember that Nordic skis, like downhill skis, have a mechanism that allows the ski to release from your boot for your safety. You just have to fetch the darn thing out of the snow when it does that!

Best Havana Hotels

I would like to introduce you in this article to what in my modest opinion represent the best hotels in Havana. Please complement this information with reviews in trip advisor before you decide which hotel to go for in Havana.

Santa Isabel Hotel

Almost certainly this is the most elegant colonial palace in Havana. Formerly the residence of the Governor of Cuba during Spanish colonial times, today Santa Isabel hotels is one of the favourite hotels in the old part of Havana.

Saratoga Hotel

The 5 star Saratoga Hotel is in an elegant neoclassic building in the old town of Havana at the intersection of Paseo del Prado and Dragones street. This Palace is located across the Capitol building and Parque de La Fraternidad Square and offers an interesting outlook on the well known Partagas Cigar Factory and the Opera House of Havana.

NH Parque Central

This hotel is located in the very heart of Old Havana. It is surrounded by numerous historic buildings such as: Theater Garcia Lorca, The Capitol and The Fine Arts Museum. This hotel is only 25 minutes far from the international airport in Havana. The 5 star NH Parque Central hotel is the best you can get in Havana in terms of service, food and accommodation facilities.

Florida Hotel

At a centric corner of the street Obispo raises majestically the Hotel Florida. Few meters from Plaza de Armas this hotel is surrounded by businesses, art galleries and interesting museums that provide a magic atmosphere in its vicinity. A distinguished ambience and a customized service invite you to discover the magic of the past in the 21st century.

Raquel Hotel

Another beautiful residence turned into a Hotel. This property displays the best of the Art Nouveau architecture in Havana. It is probably the finest 4 star hotel in Havana. It house a restaurant, bar and very beautiful roof top garden. Among its facilities: room service, wash service, Souvenir shop, fitness Gym, massages, Solarium, Babysitting , bath/WC, shower/tub, hair dryer, air-conditioning, Sat TV, room service, Internet, fax service, telephone, mini bar, safe box.

How to Care Your Hiking Shoes?

hiking
Hiking is undoubtedly one of the best activities to rejuvenate your mind that gets jaded due to the mundane mores of daily routine. Unarguably, ecstasy fills your mind when your hiking shoes aid you to climb rugged terrains with ease. But, definitely, it is highly vexing if you need frequent replacement of your hiking footwear. Such frequent alteration nullifies the chances of enjoying the benefits of your for a prolonged period.One can get a wide variety of hiking shoes available in the market for all ages catered to the needs of the modern man with well equipped features. Buying a good pair of footwear is not at all enough but you should also take adequate care to maintain their quality. Care and cleaning of this footwear encompasses mainly four aspects; cleaning, drying, conditioning and waterproofing.

Cleaning

Whenever you return from your trip, never forget to remove the dirt and mud that remain stuck to the bottom of your foot. First try to wash them with soap and water. If the mud is not fully removed, scrub the shoes with a soft brush.

Drying

You should always dry the hiking shoes immediately after you completed washing them, as wet footwear will be heavy in weight and thus makes your trip difficult. Never dry them near a heat source (even if you want to dry the shoes quickly) as it will substantially damage their quality. Dry them naturally by storing them in a warm, dry area. To increase the speed of drying, you can use newspaper. Replace the newspapers frequently to obtain best results.

Conditioning

It is necessary to condition your shoes to prevent leather from becoming dry and stiff. Conditioning is even idle to prevent cracking of leather. It is best to use conditioners that are available in paste form. You should apply paste with your fingers and make sure that the paste soaks into the leather.

Waterproofing Treatment

To maintain water repellant nature of your hiking shoes, it is highly essential to use waterproofing treatment for them. For leather footwear, use wax based waterproofing product while for synthetic footwear, use of silicon based waterproofing product is recommended. Always apply two layers of waterproofing product instead of one thick layer to get best results. Never use oil (like mink oil) to waterproof your leather hiking shoes as it softens the leather and reduces its longevity.

Try to avoid using defective Hiking Shoes, replace them immediately. They should be replaced when soles are damaged and no longer provide good grip. You can also replace them when the lining becomes worn out and the seams begin to split. To avoid shoe odor, you can use baking soda. Finally, do not store the footwear in an extremely cold or hot place for a prolonged period. Store them in a place where the temperature is moderate. Following all these steps will definitely enable you to increase the lifespan of your hiking shoes.